John Negroponte Biography
John Negroponte is an American and an English diplomat born on 21st July 1939 in London, United Kingdom. He is the J.B. and Maurice C. Shapiro Professor of International Affairs at the George Washington University’s and Elliott School of International Affairs.
He was appointed as United States Ambassador in Honduras, Mexico, and the Philippines. After leaving the Foreign Service, he subsequently served in the Bush Administration as U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations from 2001 to 2004, he also served as ambassador to Iraq from June 2004 to April 2005.
John Negroponte Age
John Negroponte was born on 1933 in London.
John Negroponte Net worth
John Negroponte has an estimated net worth of $1 million.
John Negroponte Family
John Negroponte was born to Catherine Coumantaro (mother) and Dimitri John Negroponte (father) he was raised together with his sibling in London.
John Negroponte Sibling
John Negroponte has three sibling Nichlas Negroponte, Michel Negroponte and George Negroponte. Nicholas Negroponte is the founder of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Media Lab and of the One Laptop per Child project.
John Negroponte Wife
John Negroponte married Diana Mary Villers who was born on 14th August 1947 the couples adopted five children from Honduras who are now their children.
John Negroponte Children
John Negroponte has five adoptive children with whom he adopted from Honduras nanmely; Marina, Alexandra, John, George and Sophia.
John Negroponte Education
John Negroponte attended Allen-Stevenson School and graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy in 1956. He later joined Yale University in 1960. He later went to Harvad Law School in Less than a semester at the University he joined the Foreign Service in 1960. He speaks four foreign languages (French, Greek, Spanish and Vietnamese) among others.
John Negroponte Honduras
John Negroponte started his career work at various institution including working as an Ambassador of U.S representing in various countries. He served in the United States Foreign Service from 1960 to 1997. where he had tours duty as United States ambassador in Philippines, Honduras, Mexico and Iraq. He then served in the Administration of President George Bush as the U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations from 2001 to 2004. From 1981 to 1985 he represented U.S in Honduras as the Ambassador at this time military aid to Honduras grew from $4 million to $77.4 million a year, and the US began to maintain a significant military presence there, with the goal of overthrowing the revolutionary Sandinista government of Nicaragua, a leftist party which had driven out the Somoza dictatorship. The previous U.S Ambassador to Honduras Jack Binns made numerous complaigns about human rights abuses by the Honduran military under the government of Policarpo Paz García. After the inauguration of Ronald Reagan, Binns was replaced by Negroponte, who has denied having knowledge of any wrongdoing by Honduran military forces.
The Baltimore Sun made exetensive investigation in 1995 against the Honduras millitarty forces. The U.S Government demanded loans from Honduras for terrorising their innocent people who were killed. The evedince emerged to support the contention of Negroponte that he was aware about the serious violations of human rights that were carried out by the Honduran government, but despite this did not recommend ending U.S. military aid to the country. Senator Christopher Dodd of Connecticut, on September 14, 2001, as reported in the Congressional Record, aired his suspicions on the occasion of Negroponte’s nomination to the position of UN ambassador.
He opposed the early peace settlement on the ground that was left undisturbed which he described as an enormous threat presented by expansion of the Nicaraguan armed forces with Soviet and Cuban aid. In his time in Honduras, he steered a middle course between State Department and journalistic critics who favored a policy of nonresistance to the militarization of the Sandinista regime to power Nicaragua and its aid to rebel movements in Honduras and El Salvador and ‘hard line’ persons within the Reagan administration who would have involved the United States in Central America through actions such as blockades, bombing of Nicaraguan airfields, the provision of offensive weapons, and the installation of permanent military bases. A study of American policy has noted that “the United States had a great deal to do with the preservation of Honduran stability.
Had it not been for U.S. enticements and pressures elections probably would not have been held in 1980 and 1981. The perpetuation of the military dictatorship would have undermined the legitimacy of the political order, making it far more vulnerable to revolutionary turmoil. By the same token, strong North American opposition to President Suazo’s attempt to remain in power in 1985 helped preserve the fragile legitimacy that had been built over the preceding five years … massive economic aid prevented the economy’s collapse … without the United States, it might well have disintegrated into chaos.” Following Bush-Gorbachev meetings beginning in 1986, both the U.S. and the Soviet Union ended military support for ‘proxy wars’, in Central America, and free elections in Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador followed. Senator Bill Bradley regarded the whole episode as “a minor issue–the supply of arms to the Nicaraguan contras, a policy that took on monumental proportions inside the Beltway and upon those liberals who saw another quagmire in every exercise of military power.
John Negroponte Mexico
During his time duty as an Ambassador to Mexico he persueded the Bush administration to respond in Mexican initiative by negotiating with the North American Free Trade Agreement despite initial opposition by the U.S. which is the office of Trade Representative. when in Mexico he was the most consequential of any modern American ambassadorship. This was observed in 20 years later he the document revealing the foresight of a public servant who grasped the full consequences and implications of a particular government measure or policy. Such a document was written in the spring of 1991 by the then U.S.Ambassador to Mexico, John Negroponte.” Another commentator noted the subsequent proliferation of Negroponte’s vision in other free trade agreements. He officiated at the block-long, fortified embassy where he liberalized visa practices. The war against Zapatista rebels in Chiapas broke out after his departure.
John Negroponte Iraq
On April 19, 2004, Negroponte was nominated by U.S. President George W. Bush to be the United States Ambassador to Iraq after the 30 June handover of sovereignty. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 6, 2004, by a vote of 95 to 3, and was sworn in on June 23, 2004, replacing L. Paul Bremer as the U.S.’s highest ranking American civilian in Iraq. He advised the Bush administration that security had to precede reconstruction in Iraq, organized a peaceful election, and gave advice, equally unwelcome to Secretary Rumsfeld and Democrats in Congress, that a five-year commitment would be required.